Explanation of ‘Aayat ul Kursee’ “The verse of the Kursee”

Aayat ul Kursee (or Ayat ul Kursi) is one of the most powerful verses of the holy Quran.

Aayat ul Kursi (Ayat ul Kursee)

Ayat ul Kursi – Translation

“Allah- nothing deserves to be worshiped except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of all existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?! He knows what is presently before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursee extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation does not tire him. And He is the Most High, the Most Great”.

Explanation by Prophet Muhammad

The Messenger of Allah -may Allah praise and send him peace- has stated that this verse is the greatest verse of the Qur’an due that which it comprises of Tawheed,  completely singling out Allah, alone, without any partners, in all acts of worship and the many attributes of Allah, The Exalted Inventor of all things.

Detailed Explanation of Ayat ul Kursee

Allah informs us that He is “Allah”: Meaning, The One to whom belongs worship, in all its senses: None deserves to be worshiped except Him. Therefore, worshipping other than Allah is futile.

He is “Al-Hayy”: The Ever-Living : To whom belongs all of the qualities of perfect life; including perfect hearing, vision, ability, will, and other attributes relating to His essence.

He is “Al-Qayyoom”: The Sustainer; it entails all of His attributes describing His actions. He is independent and free of any need of His creation.

He sustains all of existence.  He has originated everything into existence, has provided everything with sustenance, and all the necessities for existence and survival.    Due to His perfect qualities of life and sustainment, “Neither drowsiness nor sleep overtakes Him”. Drowsiness and sleep only occur in the creation, which experiences weakness, exhaustion, and inability, and does not apply to the One of Magnificence, Greatness, and Splendor!  

He informs us that He is The Owner of everything that is within the heavens and earth.  So everything is a possessed slave of Allah: None can depart from this state. “There is none in the heavens and earth, except that it comes to the Most Merciful as a slave”  (19:93). So He is The Owner of everything.  And He is The One, to whom belongs the attributes of dominion, authority, reign, majesty, and management of universal affairs.

Due to His supreme rule and authority, none can intercede with Him, except by His permission.  All of the notable and distinguished interceders are slaves belonging to Him. None can proceed with intercession, until He permits them: “Say:  To Allah belongs all intercession.  To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth…” (39:44). 

Allah does not allow anyone to intercede, except the intercession for whom He is pleased with.  And Allah is not pleased, except with the one who worships Him alone and follows all of His Messengers. Therefore, whomsoever this does not apply to is not entitled any share of intercession. Then Allah informs us of His unlimited, all-encompassing knowledge. 

He knows what awaits the creation of infinite future events, as well as “what is   behind them”, of unlimited past affairs. No concealed thing is hidden from Him: “He knows that which deceives the eyes and what the hearts conceal” (40:19).

None of the creation can encompass anything of Allah’s knowledge and information, “except for what He wills”, i.e., what He has disclosed to them, by different means, including prescribed and legislative affairs.  Yet, this in its entirety, still amounts to nothing, with respect to the knowledge and information of The Inventor, Allah.

This is affirmed by the most knowledgeable creations of Allah; the messengers and angels.  They said: “Exalted are You!  We have no knowledge, except what You have taught us” (2:32).

Allah then informs us of His greatness and magnificence, and that “His footstool extends over the heavens and earth”, and that He maintains the heavens and earth, and all of its inhabitants, by means of causation and universal orders, which He has placed in the creation.  

All of this, while; “its preservation does not tire or burden Him”, due to the perfection of His greatness, ability, and His abundant wisdom in His laws. “And He is The Most High” The Most High in His essence; above all of His creation, having risen over the Throne.  The Most High by the exaltedness and greatness of His attributes and status:  To Him belongs every perfect attribute of excellence.  The Most High by His subjugation of the creation:   All of existence submits to Him. 

Even the stubborn and obstinate are subdued to His subjugation. And He is “The Most Great”: He is the possessor of all the qualities of greatness, magnificence, nobility, and splendor:  The One whom the hearts love, and the souls glorify.  The hearts of His prophets, angels, and allies are in complete glorification of His Majesty. 


There is none greater than Him!  Those of knowledge and acquaintance recognize that the greatness of anything and everything, even if it surpassed eminence and was considered indescribable, is still nothing compared to the greatness of The Most High, Most Great!

Clearly, this verse, which is comprised of such extraordinary meanings, entitles it to be the greatest verse of the Qur’an.  The heart of one who reads it in contemplation and reflection- while comprehending its meanings- deserves to be filled with certainty, acknowledgement, and Eemaan (Faith).  Furthermore, by that, s/he will be safeguarded from the evil of Satan.

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